Association Between Body Mass Index, Blood Pressure, Blood Glucoseand Blood Lipid Profile in Academic Staff at Princess of NaradhiwasUniversity

Nuraseera Hajichehasae, Nurhasanee Amsoh, Aswanee Pohheng, Sulfa Hajidoloh, Fariya Sama, Panida Dangsri, Kanchana Kothiya, Siriphan Siriphan

Abstract


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the links between body mass index (BMI), blood pressure(BP), fasting blood sugar (FBS) and blood lipid profile.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects of the study are 274 academic staff ofPrincess of Naradhiwas University who met the set criteria during a health check-up atGalyani Vadhana Karun Hospital. The factors measured in this study include BMI andBP. In 169 subjects with an age of over 35 years old, FBS and blood lipid profile(cholesterol and triglyceride (TG)) were also assessed. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)and Pearson Correlation coefficient were used for statistical analysis.

RESULTS: The results show that average parameters of these subjects are normal,including BP (122.81/73.48 mmHg), FBS (94.99 mg/dl) and TG (116.31 mg/dl) but,with high BMI (25.02 Kg/m2) and high blood cholesterol (231.25 mg/dl). Spearmancorrelation coefficient indicated a positive significant correlation between TG level withBMI (r=0.17, p<0.05), systolic blood pressure (SBP) (r=0.33, p < 0.01), diastolic bloodpressure (DBP) (r=0.35, p<0.01), cholesterol level (r = 0.24, p<0.01) and FBS level(r=0.21, p<0.01). The SBP and DBP was a positive significant correlation with BMI(r=0.43, r=0.44, p<0.01) and FBS level (r=0.25, r=0.25, p<0.01). Total cholesterollevel was a positive significant correlation with FBS (r=0.30, p<0.01).

CONCLUSION: The main health issue faced by academic staff at Princess ofNaradhiwas University is a heightened risk of obesity and hypercholesterolemia. Thisstudy shows positive significant correlation between BMI and cholesterol with BP, TG,and FBS. This correlation result may lead to the implementation of health educationprograms in the near future.

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